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Selection against boar taint: a simulation study
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica volume 48, Article number: P6 (2006)
Quality of food in terms of health and taste has high standards in the Western society and consumers do not accept meat with an off-flavour. Therefore in most of Europe, castration of male pigs shortly after birth is done to prevent the production of meat with an unfavourable odour and flavour, the so called 'boar taint'. However, castration is a surgical intervention which is of growing concern in the society and becoming an issue for animal welfare.
Boar taint and underlying components are heritable (Table 1) which implies possibilities for breeding against high levels of boar taint in a population.
The goal of this study is to show, in a simulation study, the possibilities to select against boar taint.
Materials and methods
Purebred pig populations were simulated in the program SelAction .
The following heritabilities and percentages of boar taint were used:
h2 = 0.2, percentage boars with boar taint = 20%; group 22
h2 = 0.4, percentage boars with boar taint = 20%; group 42
h2 = 0.2, percentage boars with boar taint = 30%; group 23
h2 = 0.4, percentage boars with boar taint = 30%; group 43
The following assumptions were made: 5 years of selection, 500 sows, 30 breeding boars, 470 production boars, litterindex 2.2, 3500 boar piglets, selection on ADG (average daily gain) and BF (backfat), per year 75% culling (in the selection for breeding) because of other reasons (eg. exterior, inbreeding, etc). The selection trait is the odour detected by an electronic sensor or by a panel. Boar taint is a binomial trait with the variation = p * (1-p) in the population. Genetic correlations with production traits are assumed.
The percentage of boar taint can decrease with a maximum of 5.7%, 8.6%, 6.6% and 7.5% in the first year of selection for the populations 22, 42, 23 and 43, respectively.
After 5 years of selection there is simulated that there are 3.9%, 0.5%, 9.3% and 3.2% boars with boar taint left in the population for 22, 42, 23 and 43, respectively (Figure 1). Under the restriction of keeping 80% of the genetic improvement of growth and backfat.
Conclusion and Discussion
This simulation study shows that it is possible to select against boar taint.
This simulation is done in 1 population but slaughter pigs are a combination of 3 to 4 lines. Therefore, selection should take place in all lines; this will increase the cost of selection against boar taint. Correlated response on reproductive traits was ignored.
Rutten MJ, Bijma P, Woolliams JA, van Arendonk JA: Software to predict selection response and rate of inbreeding in livestock breeding programs. J Hered. 2002, 93 (6): 456-458. 10.1093/jhered/93.6.456.
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Ducro-Steverink, D. Selection against boar taint: a simulation study. Acta Vet Scand 48, P6 (2006). https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.1186/1751-0147-48-S1-P6
- Simulation Study
- Veterinary Medicine
- Animal Welfare
- Genetic Correlation
- High Standard