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Selection against boar taint: a simulation study

Introduction

Quality of food in terms of health and taste has high standards in the Western society and consumers do not accept meat with an off-flavour. Therefore in most of Europe, castration of male pigs shortly after birth is done to prevent the production of meat with an unfavourable odour and flavour, the so called 'boar taint'. However, castration is a surgical intervention which is of growing concern in the society and becoming an issue for animal welfare.

Boar taint and underlying components are heritable (Table 1) which implies possibilities for breeding against high levels of boar taint in a population.

Table 1 Published heritability of boar taint and underlying components.

The goal of this study is to show, in a simulation study, the possibilities to select against boar taint.

Materials and methods

Purebred pig populations were simulated in the program SelAction [1].

The following heritabilities and percentages of boar taint were used:

  • h2 = 0.2, percentage boars with boar taint = 20%; group 22

  • h2 = 0.4, percentage boars with boar taint = 20%; group 42

  • h2 = 0.2, percentage boars with boar taint = 30%; group 23

  • h2 = 0.4, percentage boars with boar taint = 30%; group 43

The following assumptions were made: 5 years of selection, 500 sows, 30 breeding boars, 470 production boars, litterindex 2.2, 3500 boar piglets, selection on ADG (average daily gain) and BF (backfat), per year 75% culling (in the selection for breeding) because of other reasons (eg. exterior, inbreeding, etc). The selection trait is the odour detected by an electronic sensor or by a panel. Boar taint is a binomial trait with the variation = p * (1-p) in the population. Genetic correlations with production traits are assumed.

Results

The percentage of boar taint can decrease with a maximum of 5.7%, 8.6%, 6.6% and 7.5% in the first year of selection for the populations 22, 42, 23 and 43, respectively.

After 5 years of selection there is simulated that there are 3.9%, 0.5%, 9.3% and 3.2% boars with boar taint left in the population for 22, 42, 23 and 43, respectively (Figure 1). Under the restriction of keeping 80% of the genetic improvement of growth and backfat.

Figure 1
figure1

Four populations (h2 = 0.2 or 0.4; and percentage of boar taint in the population of p = 0.2 or 0.3) during 5 year of selection against boar taint.

Conclusion and Discussion

This simulation study shows that it is possible to select against boar taint.

This simulation is done in 1 population but slaughter pigs are a combination of 3 to 4 lines. Therefore, selection should take place in all lines; this will increase the cost of selection against boar taint. Correlated response on reproductive traits was ignored.

References

  1. 1.

    Rutten MJ, Bijma P, Woolliams JA, van Arendonk JA: Software to predict selection response and rate of inbreeding in livestock breeding programs. J Hered. 2002, 93 (6): 456-458. 10.1093/jhered/93.6.456.

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Correspondence to Dorothe Ducro-Steverink.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ducro-Steverink, D. Selection against boar taint: a simulation study. Acta Vet Scand 48, P6 (2006). https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.1186/1751-0147-48-S1-P6

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Keywords

  • Simulation Study
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Animal Welfare
  • Genetic Correlation
  • High Standard