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Table 2 Sizes of different Protostrongylid L1 larvae with a dorsal spine in Fennoscandian wild ruminants that have been found in natural infections in these hosts [31, 32]

From: Infection with brainworm (Elaphostrongylus rangiferi) in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus ssp.) in Fennoscandia

L1 DSL larvae Body length (µm) Body width (µm) Hosts
Muellerius capillaris 250–320 12–15 Sheep, goats, muskoxen, caribou
Elaphostrongylus rangiferi 381–490 17–24 Reindeer, caribou
E. cervi 392–445 17–22 Red deer
E. alces 377–445 17–21 Moose
Varestrongylus alces 221–374 12–30 Moose
V. sagittatus 260–305 8–16 Red deer
V. capreoli 255–341 10–17 Roe deer