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Table 2 Back-transformed least square means from the multivariable modeling of rein tension (N) in walk (data from 6 riders and 18 horses, n = 21,008 data points/208 normalised strides)

From: Stride-related rein tension patterns in walk and trot in the ridden horse

Variable Category LS mean Group P value Significant within-category
Rein Left 12.5 0.67    
  Right 12.8     
Nose direction In 12.3 <0.0001 c   
  Out 12.9   c   
Nose angle ROM (degreesa) <12 14.1 0.01 a b  
  ≥12–16 13.8   a   b
  ≥16–20 11.8     
  ≥20–24 12.9     
  ≥24 10.6    b b
  1. The model also contained the fixed effects of stride percentage (P < 0.0001) and its interaction with rein (P < 0.0001). If pair-wise comparisons within a variable were associated with P < 0.0001 this is marked with ‘c’, if 0.01 < P ≥ 0.0001 then ‘b’ and if P < 0.01 then ‘a’, these letters are indicated in both categories
  2. a The nose angle categories contained from top to bottom: 4747; 3939; 6666; 3434 and 2222 observations. Rein tension was modelled square root transformed, hence confidence intervals could not be produced on the back-transformed scale