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Table 1 Descriptive statistics (std- standard deviation; p5, p50, p95- 5th, 50th and 95 % percentiles) for nose direction in both walk and trot and lengthening in trot [rein tension (N)], nose angle range of motion (ROM; degrees)

From: Stride-related rein tension patterns in walk and trot in the ridden horse

Gait Variable Category (if relevant) n Rein tension (N)
Mean std p5 p50 p95
Walk Nose direction In 9906 15 8 5 13 29
   Out 11,102 14 8 5 13 29
Trot Nose direction In 16,998 23 14 7 19 50
   Out 20,170 25 16 8 21 56
  Lengthening   606 30 14 10 29 54
Gait Variable Category (if relevant) n Degrees
Mean std p5 p50 p95
Walk Nose angle ROM   21,008 17 7 8 17 29
Trot Nose angle ROM   37,168 8 4 4 8 16
  1. Data on nose angle ROM are presented above and these were analysed multivariably in categorized formats (categories in walk see Table 2) and in trot; <5°, ≥5°–9°, ≥9°–13°, ≥13°–17° and ≥17°