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Table 1 Questionnaire categories and examples.

From: Measuring the costs of biosecurity on poultry farms: a case study in broiler production in Finland

Category number and name Examples
1. Biosecurity plan Adviser fees or working hours for designing and updating written disease protection plan
2. Preventive medication Cost of preventive medication, including the use of coccidiostats as a preventive measure to control coccidiosis and the use of a competitive exclusion product (Broilact®) for the prevention of intestinal disturbances in newly hatched chicks; also includes vaccination
3. Pest control Working hours or purchased pest protection (birds, rodents, insects), pesticides, traps, scarecrows, ventilation safety nets, etc.
4. Equipment Cost (or working hours) of machines, appliances and equipment and their maintenance concerning disease prevention, e.g. protective clothing, surface water handling
5. Education Working hours spent on education, maintenance and updating professional skills concerning disease protection
6. Additional cleaning Measures in addition to normal washing between the lots for disease prevention purposes (e.g. gassing)
7. Contracts for purchases and sales Cost (or working hours) of purchase contracts for disease prevention purposes (e.g. for feed) and working hours spent on clarifying and certifying the health of the flock when selling
8. Construction plans, investments and subsidies Working hours spent on considering disease protection when planning constructions, costs of investments in connection with disease prevention; subsidies received
9. Health monitoring programmes Costs and working hours associated with different kinds of existing health care programmes or agreements
10. Operational hygiene Time spent in showering before entering the production premises, as well as the time when the producer was out of the production facilitiesdue to the quarantine after a trip abroad; costs of workers' Salmonella certificate
11. Time period for keeping production premises empty Possible prolonged period during which the premises are held empty for disease prevention purposes
12. Production monitoring Costs of care for sick animals, laboratory costs, notifications and book-keeping on animal diseases and care
13. Insurance Annual insurance fees against animal diseases
14. Control and inspections Working hours and fees related to external inspection of animal health (by slaughter-house veterinarians, municipal veterinarians, etc.)