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Table 3 Owners' assessments of hip pain and dysfunction using a 10 cm visual analog scale from 0 – 10 where 0 = no pain or dysfunction and 10 = extreme pain or dysfunction. The results are expressed as mean values with a 95% confidence interval.

From: Two years follow-up study of the pain-relieving effect of gold bead implantation in dogs with hip-joint arthritis

  Time GG +PG (pooled) (n = 66) PC Group (n = 7)
Pain signs Day 0 5.1 (4.8 – 5.4) 4.4 (3.4 – 5.5)
  24 months 2.4 (1.8 – 2.9) 3.0 (1.2 – 4.8)
Dysfunction Day 0 4.3 (3.9 – 4.7) 3.9 (3.0 – 4.7)
  24 months 2.2 (1.6 – 2.7) 4.0 (2.3 – 5.7)
  1. For abbreviations see Table 1